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Fórum ExoSpace.cz • Zobrazit téma - První byla Lajka
Stránka 11

První byla Lajka

PříspěvekNapsal: 01. zář 2017, 23:14
od Petr Valach
Jako první zvíře se na oběžnou dráhu Země (ale ne do vesmíru) vydala ruská fenka Lajka. Původně toulavý moskevský psík odolného plemene lajka byl spolu s dalšími dvěma vybrán pro kritický let Sputniku 2. Let s prvním živým tvorem na palubě - to bylo přání předsedy ÚV KSSS Nikity Chruščova. A tak se také stalo. Lajka startovala 3. listopadu 1957 v narychlo přestavěné obdobě Sputniku 1.
Původně měla na oběžné dráze pobýt 7 dní a pak měla být usmrcena (snad injekcí, snad ukončením dodávky kyslíku, možná i jinak). Pro let totiž nebyl nachystán návratový systém. Nicméně kvůli poruše ventilačního zařízení došlo ke zvýšení teploty, navíc uvnitř byla tma, což vystresovaný psík nemohl přežít. Lajka zemřela na 4. oběhu v důsledku přehřátí a stresu.

Sputnik 2 zanikl v atmosféře 14. 4. 1958.